Clinical Sports Nutrition, Second Edition

Clinical Sports Nutrition, Second Edition

Journal of Osteopathic Medicine, 2001; 4(2) © AOMR Inc. 2001 errors associated with each method. Nutritional assessment is essential to provide appr...

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Journal of Osteopathic Medicine, 2001; 4(2)

© AOMR Inc. 2001

errors associated with each method. Nutritional assessment is essential to provide appropriate recommendations for energy and nutrient intakes.

Book Reviews

A number of chapters are dedicated to weight, including the nightmare of weight-class athletes who need to lose that last extra kilo, weight loss and eating disorders. Body image is drastically emphasized in many sports; some events even incorporate this image into judging and performance. The pressure placed upon many athletes sometimes proves too intense, resulting in abnormal eating behaviours. Society and performance demands greatly contribute to this incredible pressure to be thin for women and muscular for men, and, for some athletes, eating disorders may become permanent. It is therefore important to discourage unrealistic weight and body composition goals and emphasize the importance of adequate energy intake for good health, prevention of injury, and exercise performance.

Clinical Sports Nutrition, Second Edition. Louise Burke and Vicki Deakin, McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. NSW. ISBN 0074 70828 7. Nutrition is regarded as important not only for performance but also for aesthetics in sports, making the modern athlete nutrition-conscious. It is clear that poor food choices will certainly prevent athletes from realising their full potential. Each competitive and recreational athlete needs adequate fuel, fluids, and nutrients to perform at their best. It is the role of sports nutrition experts to advise athletes regarding appropriate nutrition needs before, during, and after exercise, and for the maintenance of good health and optimal weight and composition. Osteopaths can help supports athletes and active people by fully understanding sports-related nutritional goals. Clinical Sports Nutrition covers many topics about this intriguing area of science. The overall purpose of the book is to fuse the science of sports nutrition with practical application and to pose questions for further research.

A review of the current literature on the use of vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and ergogenic aids eg. creatine, caffeine, bicarbonate, antioxidants, amino acids, glycerol, ginseng, carnitine, coenzyme Q10, inosine, chromium picolinate, medium chain triglycerides. Also supplements which received the most press over the past two years such as androstenedione, DHEA, pro-hormones, hydroxy-methyl butyrate and colostrum. It is cautioned that these products should be used only after careful review of their legality and the current literature.

This softcover, 759 page textbook is for those involved in research, teaching or application of nutrition in exercise and sport. The 38 Australian and international authors include scientists and practitioners who are widely recogrfised contributors in various aspects of nutrition, physiology, and sport. A number of the authors are from the Australian Institute of Sport, including Prof. Louis Burke who is the Head of the Department of Sports Nutrition.

Specific guidelines are offered for making good food and fluid selection while travelling and eating away form home. There is extensive information regarding the total fluid and nutrient intake before, during, and after exercise.

Each of the 26 chapters is admirably concise, segregated into a number of subheadings, making this an ideal reference text. The layout is conventional but clear, set out in small, easily digested sections with helpful diagrams, tables, practical tips and summaries. Each chapter is extensively referenced with up to date peer reviewed journals.

Special nutritional requirements are covered for children and young athletes. The needs of the ageing athlete are covered exceptionally well, including drug-nutrient interactions. Other special requirements include athletes with diabetes, gastrointestinal disorders and disabilities. Athletes who are vegetarian also require special guidelines to ensure adequate intakes of energy, protein, and micronutrients.

The first chapter sets the scene through a brief discussion of the historical perspective in sports nutrition, emphasizing the progression by using a time line format; it is not only informative but also very entertaining to read.

Where appropriate authors emphasize on the importance to consider the nutritional need for different sports, gender, home, cultural and religious backgrounds as well as cost, season, medications and supplements.

The exercise physiology and metabolism chapter is kept very brief, it's there to emphasize the importance of a clear concept of the physiological requirements of different sports before attempting to address any nutritional needs. The author provides a wide list of resources to excess this source of information.

My favourite sections of the book are the so-called "Practical Tips" at the end of most chapters. They reflect the experience and expertise of each author through their recommendations, list of resources, web addresses and other contacts. It genuinely gives each chapter a personal touch. Clinical Sports Nutrition is a very useful reference book for those working with athletes and sports people. It covers a broad range of topics from basic nutritional science to practical guidelines. The topics are current, easily accessible and fully referenced. Arletta Nikituik BSc, MHSc

The chapter on measuring nutritional status of athletes can be easily incorporated into clinical practice and used with patients. Questions about nutrition should be routinely incorporated in history taking before attempting to improve dietary, lifestyle issues and behaviour. A number of varied methods are proposed, as are some of the problems and 73