Distillation. Vol. IV. Technique of organic chemistry. 2nd ed

Distillation. Vol. IV. Technique of organic chemistry. 2nd ed

BOOK 453 REVIEWS Distillation. Vol. IV. Technique of Organic Chemistry. Edited by E. S. AND A. WEISSBERGER. Wiley (Interscience), New York, 1965. 2...

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453

REVIEWS

Distillation. Vol. IV. Technique of Organic Chemistry. Edited by E. S. AND A. WEISSBERGER. Wiley (Interscience), New York, 1965. 2nd ed.,

PERRY

838 pp. $24.00. The first edition of Distilkztion was one volume of the comprehensive set entitled Technique of Organic Chemistry. This volume found wide use as a text and reference book on distillation theory, fractional distillation, and distillation under moderate and high vacuum. It also included chapters on extractive and azeotropic distillation, sublimation, liquified gases, and vacuum system. The text also was originally oriented toward laboratory use and was complete with detailed descriptions and numerous examples of laboratory stills, accessories, and procedures. The second edition has retained and updated all these sections, except that of liquified gases and low-boiling liquids, which is now condensed as a brief supplement added to the third chapter on Ordinary Fractional Distillation. This condensation is in a sense a compliment to the culminating work of Podbielhiak and his development of the highly automated “Hyd-Robot” distillation unit for gas separation and analysis, which was superceded only by the advent of the gas chromatographic methods. In addition, the second edition adds four new chapters. The first on Vapor-Liquid Equilibria, a useful section following distillation theory, describes not only the methods of obtaining this data but also the mathematical relationships of the data in terms of the perfect or ideal system, and the deviations there from of the real systems. The other three new chapters, although related, deal with Continuous Distillation, Pilot Plant Distillation, and Automation in Distillation. These three are well presented, and at the very least make the reader versed primarily in laboratory procedures, aware that distillations are also conducted outside the laboratory on a much larger scale and with different problems. Although the chapter on Continuous Distillation is oriented toward laboratory scale equipment, this method is again treated in the chapter on Pilot Plant Distillations, along with batch distillations. The section on Automation in Distillation presents an introduction to the theory of automated processes as applied to the distillation process. Included is a discussion of analytical sampling procedures, column, and instrument variables, and mathematical models of distillation processes. Generally, each subject in this edition is treated according to theory, procedures used, and available equipment, supplemented by a comprehensive list of references. This edition is a primary addition to both an academic and/or practical library. PAUL H. WASZECIAK,

The Upjohn

Company,

Kdamazoo,

Michigan