The relationship between neuroticism and perfectionistic discrepancies: A longitudinal actor partner interdependence model

The relationship between neuroticism and perfectionistic discrepancies: A longitudinal actor partner interdependence model

S74 Abstracts / Personality and Individual Differences 60 (2014) S48–S78 predicted self-effacement, both mediated by cultural-self construal and dir...

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Abstracts / Personality and Individual Differences 60 (2014) S48–S78

predicted self-effacement, both mediated by cultural-self construal and directly to self-effacement. Specifically, high self-esteem predicted high independent-self and low interdependent self, and did not directly predict self-effacement. Contrary, high assumed-competence predicted high independent self and directly predicted high self-effacement. The importance for cultural perspective of these findings was discussed.

The nature of individual differences of temperament in Russianlanguage children of 7–14 ages M. Lobaskova, I. Novgorodova, O. Mukhordova, E. Gindina, S. Malykh Udmurt State University, Russia Goal of our research is contributions of genetic and environmental factors to individual differences in temperamental traits at primary school age and in adolescence (10–14 years). Methods we were using are Russian-language parental version of Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire, Russian version Early Adolescent Temperament Questionnaire – EATQ (EATQ-R, Ellis and Rothbart, 2001). Model-fitting was used to assess the contributions of genetic and environmental factors. Sample include 702 twins between 10 and 14 years old and 290 twins between 7 and 10 years from Russia and Kyrgyzstan. Results we gained are different temperamental traits have different nature. Some traits are mostly influenced by environment while other traits are influenced by genetic factors. The structure of phenotypic variance is different for similar temperamental traits in subsamples of early and older age groups.

The phenomenon of trust among law-abiding and criminal Russian adolescents N. Astanina Moscow State University, Russia Trust is a phenomenon arising in situations of risk when persons attribute their partner (s) and/or themselves with such traits as honesty, loyalty and reliability. A person’s trust consists of two components: trust to the world (or to their partner (s)) and trust to themselves. Traditionally, trust has been considered a factor of pro-social behaviour. We assume that this is true when the two components are in balance, while a mis-balance is related to antisocial behaviour. The participants were 106 male, law-abiding adolescents and 113 male adolescents sentenced for either violent or acquisitive offences. Our hypothesis has been confirmed. The researched offenders trust themselves more than they trust the world, while the law-abiding adolescents exhibit such mis-balance of trust much less often (p = 0,032). We have analyzed the destructive and adaptive components of the phenomenon of trust among the offenders.

The relation between childhood obsessive–compulsive symptoms and perfectionism from a five-factor model personality perspective E. De Caluwé, B. De Clercq Ghent University, Belgium

Accumulating research evidence suggests that perfectionism is a multidimensional personality characteristic with both adaptive and maladaptive dimensions. Despite the bulk of research on linking maladaptive perfectionism with obsessive–compulsive symptoms among adults, such research among children has been limited, as well as research on the adaptive part of perfectionism. Therefore, the present study examines in 193 adolescents (66.5% girls; 11– 19 years old) the relation between child rated obsessive–compulsive symptoms and both adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism dimensions, measured from a traditional perspective (Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale; child rated), as well as a Five-Factor Model personality perspective (Hierarchical Personality Inventory for Children and Dimensional Personality Symptom Item Pool; mother rated). The results show that specific childhood obsessive– compulsive symptoms are more related to perfectionism compared to others. Further, obsessive–compulsive symptoms are related to perfectionism, especially the maladaptive dimensions. Implications for including (maladaptive) personality measures in the assessment of perfectionism and obsessive–compulsive symptoms will be discussed.

The relationship between finger-ridge count (FRC) and cognitive abilities A. Nomoto, W. Akio Chiba University, Japan Finger-ridge count (FRC), an index of prenatal hormone levels, is the number of dermal ridges on the human finger, with majority of individuals having more ridges on their right hand (R>) than their left hand (L>). Although some research show relationships between various cognitive test performances and FRC, the results are not consistent. This study examined the relationship between FRC and performances of three cognitive tests (Eyes test, Theory of Mind task, and Perspective taking task) in a sample of 40 Japanese university students (20 males and 20 females). Results showed a slight relationship (in marginal significance level) between FRC and Perspective taking task, with participants with L> scoring higher than those with R>. Factor scores of the FRC showed a significant main effect for the Eyes task. These results suggest prenatal hormones affect individual differences in social cognition in late adolescence.

The relationship between neuroticism and perfectionistic discrepancies: A longitudinal actor partner interdependence model M. Smith, S. Sherry, S. Mackinnon, S. Stewart, M. Antony The University of Western Ontario, Canada Neuroticism is a higher-order personality trait believed to underlie and predispose various lower-order personality characteristics, including perfectionistic discrepancies. Perfectionistic discrepancies are the prototypic form of social cognition for the perfectionistic individual and involve unduly perceiving others as dissatisfied and disappointed. Though cross-sectional research indicates neuroticism and perfectionistic discrepancies correlate positively, few longitudinal studies test if neuroticism is a risk factor for perfectionistic discrepancies. In addition, despite compelling evidence that neuroticism and perfectionistic discrepancies are personality traits with clear links to social problems, past research has relied entirely on self-report questionnaires. Consequently, a 28-day longitudinal study of 226 romantic couples was conducted to test the hypothesis

Abstracts / Personality and Individual Differences 60 (2014) S48–S78

that neuroticism comes before and contributes to increases in perfectionistic discrepancies. The hypothesis that neuroticism is a risk factor for perfectionistic discrepancies was supported. High levels of neuroticism appear to predispose individuals to increases in perfectionistic discrepancies over time.

The relationship between self-regulation, personality traits and job stress N. Kondratyuk, V. Morosanova The Federal State Scientific Institution ‘‘Psychological Institute’’ of the Russian Academy of Education, Russia In this study the goal was to understand the connection between individual differences of self-regulation (planning the goals, modeling of significant conditions, programming actions, result evaluation, flexibility, regulatory reliability, autonomy), personality traits (extraversion/introversion, neuroticism/stability) and stress states (chronic and acute). We hypothesized that selfregulation can block acute stress, and in contrast, personality traits (extraversion and stability) more define the chronic stress. The 242 participants aged from 20 to 62 completed SelfRegulation Profile Questionnaire – SRPQ, (Morosanova and Kondratyuk, 2011), Managerial Stress Survey (Leonova, 2007), Eysenck Personality Profile-Short, (Russian Version, 2000). Structural equation analyses let to describe the connection between self-regulation, personality traits and stress states. Extended neuroticism and introversion are determinants of high chronic stress. Well developed self-regulation skills can prevent acute stress. Selfregulation can prevent acute stress in condition of high level of reliability, modeling conditions, programming actions and result evaluation. Thus, self-regulation can be viewed as recourse to prevent acute stress.

The relationship of emotion intelligence with intelligence and personality A. Pankratova, N. Zyryanova Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russia The theoretical framework of our research is the ability model of emotion intelligence (EI). Participants were 260 students (males, mean age = 18.7). We measured: (1) EI (MSCEIT); (2) Intelligence (WAIS-III, subtests Information and Symbol search); (3) Personality (questionnaires for extraversion, neuroticism, psychoticism, locus of control, coping styles et al.). A few correlations between EI, intelligence and personality traits were significant (p < .01). EI has higher correlation with Verbal IQ than Performance IQ (r = .365 and .171). Subtest Information (WAIS) has the highest correlation with subtest Understanding emotions (MSCEIT): r = .413. EI correlates positively with Extraversion (r = .223) and negatively with Neuroticism (r = .194), Psychoticism (r = .188). Individuals with high scores on EI have internal locus of control especially for interpersonal relations (r = .214) and don’t use avoidance-oriented coping style (r = .191).


The role of personality in the prediction of hospitalization duration in mental health A. Herran-Boix, I. Ramos-Grille, M. Gonzalez-Rodriguez Hospital Consorci Sanitari de Terrassa, Spain Little is known about predictors of treatment duration in inpatients on acute psychiatry unit. In this study we want to explore if personality traits, assessed by Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R), are related to the time of hospitalization. We assessed personality traits in 31 inpatients (12 men and 19 women). We performed a correlational analysis and a multiple regression using the PASW18 program. We identified significant correlation between time of hospitalization and Novelty Seeking (NS) and significantly inversely associated with the subscales Ambitious (PS3; within Persistence dimension) and Pure-hearted conscience (CO5; within Cooperativeness factor). Further, Ambitious, a scale of Persistence personality dimension, was a predictor of time of hospitalization. These findings support the relevance of personality assessments in clinical practice; in fact the TCI-R may be a useful instrument to predict longer treatment duration. On the other hand, more studies are needed in order to replicate these results.

The seven deadly sins: Clarifying the nature of a general factor of personality L. Veselka, E.A. Giammarco, P.A. Vernon University of Western Ontario, Canada The aim of the present study was to determine if a general factor of personality (GFP) could be extracted from a collection of sub-clinical antisocial personality traits. A total of 1505 adults completed the Short-D3 assessing the Dark Triad traits of narcissism, psychopathy, and Machiavellianism. Additionally, they filled out the Vices and Virtues Scale (VAVS) measuring the seven deadly sins—anger, envy, gluttony, greed, lust, pride, and sloth. Principal components analysis yielded a GFP accounting for 47% of the variance in the data. All variables exhibited high loadings on this general factor, ranging from .45 (sloth) to .79 (pride). The loadings remained high even when the scores were adjusted for the effect of social desirability. The implications of these results on the ongoing debate regarding the nature and meaning of a potential GFP are discussed in the context of existing evolutionary theories of human personality.

The Single-Item Math Anxiety scale (SIMA): An alternative way of measuring mathematical anxiety M.I. Núñez-Peña, G. Guilera, M. Suárez-Pellicioni University of Barcelona, Spain This study examines whether the Single-Item Math Anxiety scale (SIMA), based on the item suggested by Ashcraft (2002), provides valid and reliable measures of mathematical anxiety. A large sample of university students (n = 279) was administered the SIMA and the 25-item Abbreviated Math Anxiety Rating Scale (sMARS; Alexander and Martray, 1989) to evaluate the concordance between the measures obtained with the two tests; they were also administered other tests to provide validity evidences of SIMA measurements. The temporal stability of SIMA scores was also evaluated by obtaining the 7-week test–retest reliability. The findings demonstrated that SIMA scores showed validity evi-