related to fuels
pellets for hot coal gas desulfurization
Hepworth. M. T. and Slimane, R. B. A77nu. Meet. Minn. Sect., SME, [Pm./, 1995, 68, 131-145. Considers the use of manganese pellets as inexpensive sorhents for hot coal gas desulfurization in combined-cycle power generation.
Method and apparatus for controlling ammonia injection amount in nitrogen oxide removing device for treating coal burning flue gas 97/01190
Ishiguro, 0. BOlDS3/56), Japanese).
Jpn. Kokai Tokkyo Koho JP 08, 238, 417 [96, 238, 4171 (Cl. I7 Sep 1996, Appl. 95/44, 632, 3 Mar 1995, 6 pp (In
97101191 Method for predicting from coal carbonization
ratio of products
Shiraishi, K. Kokai Tokkyo Koho JP 08, 143. 867 [96, 143, 8671 (Cl. ClOB47/00), 4 Jun 1996, Appl. 941283. 178, 17 Nov 1994, 7 pp (In Japanese). This paper details a method including the use of the volatile matter and oxygen/carbon atomic number ratio of coal to calculate yields of coke, tar, light oils, gases, ammonia liquors. carbon and volume of gases generated (converted to 4800 kcal/Nm3).
Y. et al.
of ash from
Kagakrc Kuigi Happyo Ronhunshu,
In this study the ash from a coal gaaiftcation furnace was fused in the presence of limestone flux to lower the melting point. A complete fusion and vitrification can be achieved by heating 70-100” above its pour point. 97101194
Particulate control device testing at the development facility, Wilsonville, Alabama
Longanbach. J. R. Proc. Amu. 265. This paper discusses a planned and granular-bed filters.
1nt. fitr.rhwgh testing
1995, 12, 260candle
Preparation of activated carbons from bituminous coals with COP activation. 1. Effects of oxygen content in raw coals. Teng, H. el al. Ind. Erig. C/rent. Res., 1996, 35, ( 1 l), 4043-4049. In this study activated carbons were prepared from three Australian 97101195
bituminous coals by carbonization followed by activation in COz. Experimental results reveal that the oxygen content of the coals has a great influence on the behaviour during preparation and on the properties of the products.
97101198 Preparation, structure, and properties of coatings based on the Ti-W-C-N system deposited by self-propagating high-temperature synthesis gas-transport reactions Kalashnikova, Russian)
L. V. et al.
97101197 Pressurized stabilization dues from gasification processes
1996, (4), 50-55.
Yrjas, P. er 01. Enera) F&s, 1996, IO, (6). 1189-I 195. CaS (an unstable compound) is produced in the capture of HzS from gasification processes by limestone or dolomite. CaS must be stabilized before it can be disposed of since it may react with water. CaS stabilization by oxidation was studied with a pressurized thermobalance. Experiments were conducted to study the effect of p,,,,, po., temperature, and sulfidation degree. It was concluded that CaS produced from dolomite has a significantly higher tendency to oxidize to CaS04 than CaS from limestone.
97/01198 Procedure and apparatus cation of molten blast-furnace slag
Doumet, J. E. Lebanon Ger. DE 19, 522, 320 (Cl. C2lB3/08), 22 Aug 1996, Appl. 19. 522, 320, 20 Jun 1995, 9 pp. (In German) Describes how a mixture of molten blast-furnace slag, coal fines, and steam is fed into a shaft reactor with a double-walled cooling jacket where a predetermined level of the charge is maintained. Coal is gasified in the reactor by using the heat content of steam and slag to obtain a (CO + HZ)containing fuel gas. Slag is water-cooled, solidified, crushed, and withdrawn from the reactor together with ash remaining after gasification. The exiting fuel gas is passed through a waste-heat boiler to produce steam. Optionally, heavy liquid fuel fractions are gasified together with coal.
Fuel and Energy Abstracts
Griggs. E. S. and Roder, W. R. US. US 5, 534, 137 (Cl. 208425: CIOGI/ 00) 9 Jul 1996, US Appl. 69, 121, 28 May 1993, 7 pp. Cont. of U.S. Ser. No. 69, 121, abandoned. This article describes novel processes for treating high-ash coal tars to produce coal tars which are suitable for distillation to form binder pitch. Preferred processes of the invention involve multistage centrifugations to reduce ash and preferably also quinoline insoluble levels. Processes of the invention also provide for the treatment of coal tar sludges to recover valuable coal tar distillate and dried, free-flowing coal related material having high fuel value.
Process for value recovery from activated 97lO1201 loaded with organic compounds, especially halogenated ic compounds
Zimmermann, J. and Wiesboeck, R. Ger. Offen. DE 19, 613, 376 (Cl. COlB31/32), 10 Ott 1996, AT Appl. 951596, 3 Apr 1995, 3 pp. (In German) Describes a process for the recovery of activated C. The process comprises converting the activated C with CaO and coke in an electric arc at a temperature of >1800” into CaCz and furnace gas. and cooling the furnace gas rapidly to 20-30” during which the residence time of the gas from 450 to 200’ is 0.1-10 s. The loaded active C may be fed into the electric arc furnace trough a hollow electrode.
1994, 31. 40-
43 (In Japanese).
Chaudhuri, P. and Zondlo, J. W. FLtel Sci. Techno/. lnf., 1906, 14. (It)), 1433-1446. Discusses the development of a rigorous technique which has been implemented to produce coal-derived extracts with less than 0.1%~ ash. The existing solvent recovery procedure has been modified to exclude the presence of NMP-soluble inorganics which re-precipitated on the coalderived extracts and were difficult to eliminate in the product extract. This technique reduces the concentration of ash in the extract, which can be used to manufacture ultrapure carbon precursors for specialized applications.
McDaniel, H. M. et 01. Proc. Annu. Inl. Pittshurg/~ Cod Conf.. 1995, 12, 237-242. Discusses how a moving granular-bed filter can, in addition to the control of ash particulates, control other contaminants found in high-temperature, high-pressure coal gas streams through the use of chemically-reactive filter media. Additionally the report presents the initial results of the development of a clay-based filter medium. 97101193 On melting sence of limestone flux
97/01199 A procedure for the production of ultra-pure precursors from coal for the manufacture of value-added carbon products-preparation of an extract
97101202 Processes for simultaneous removal oxides and nitrogen oxides from boiler flue gases
1996. 44, ((J), XNowak. W. and Krzywanski, J. Gospod. Pa/ialiwami E77erg.. 14. (In Polish). A comparative study in which processes which simultaneously remove SO, and NO, from boiler flue gases are examined. Processes investigated include: activated C adsorption, combined adsorption/SO: conversion on adsorbent surface. selective catalytic reduction with NHx, NOySO process, Parsons process, Lurgi circulating fluidized-bed process, electron heam irradiation, alkali injection for SOI/NO, reduction and wet \cruhhing. 97101203 Production from coal gasification
binder by air oxidation
Russ. RU 2, 051, 949 (Cl. ClOC3/04), Savinykh, Y. V. ef al. IO Jan IYYh, Appl. 93, 056, 1I I, 20 Dee 1993. (In Russian) From Izohrete,r;~a 1996, (I), 214.
Program for complete utilization 97101204 water drained off into the Vistula river basin
Chowaniec, J. and Swist, K. Arch. Ochr. Srodowiska, 1995 (Pub. 1996). (34). 77-97. PhN. I trlate. Detailed ‘in this piper is a programme for the complete use of saline pit water discharged from a coal mine consortium in NSW. S.A.. which successfully achieves first class purity with respect to Cll and SO?‘- content in the upper course of the Vistula River. The basic saline water utilization technology is discussed, with particular attention to thermic utilization. The technology proposed is a creative adaptation of the best techniques verified in practice, which would ensure high quality desalination products and account for economic profits. The total plant cost is estimated to be x350 million USD; the construction period is 1996 to 2000. The second technological of saline water discussed is water injection into absorptive deposits of geological rock mass. Depending on local hydrogeological conditions at each mine, NSW S.A. predicts saline water injection into various deposits with suitable absorptivity. Using this method, approximately 70,000 m3/day less saline water from NSW S.A. could be used after thermic utilization, hut costs are compensated only in the range of decrease of charges paid for Cl- + SOzml ions disposal. These activities do not require higher monetary expenditures vs methods discussed, although anticipated results are limited; only a 10% reduction of total salt can he achieved. 97101205
Properties of carbon contained in from pulverized coal combustion boiler Sekitan Kagaku Kaigi Happy0 Ronhunshu,
Chen, Y. and Mori, S. 75-78 (In Japanese).. In this study fly ashes discharged from a pulverized coal combustion boiler were classified into two components: (I) smaller fly ash particles 38 ),m, and (2) larger fly ash particles >12S ,,m. The carbon contained in both components was separated from the fly ash by ultrasonic oil agglomeration. and the properties of the separated carbons were examined by X-ray diffraction, SEM, and thermogravimetric analysis. The carbon remaining in